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The Federal Reserve's influence on the economy and financial markets is substantial and well-recognized by market participants. Over the past few years, both the financial and popular media have been obsessed with Fed actions and speculation on potential Fed actions. While advisors and clients closely monitor monetary policy actions, there is confusion about the implications these actions have for stock market returns. This analysis documents the association between both general stock market returns and equity sector returns during expansive, indeterminate, and restrictive monetary policy conditions. Advisors can use the results to both condition clients' expectations and make portfolio adjustments to take advantage of historical patterns in equity sector returns.