Faculty Publications


R² and the Benefits of Multiple-Fund Portfolios

Document Type


Publication Date

Fall 2014


Recent research shows superior performance by those equity funds that differ the most from their benchmarks. Existing studies, however, have not examined important questions about risk, such as the impact of holding a portfolio of low R2 funds on the reduction in portfolio risk achieved through diversifying across funds. This study provides some answers. Using a variety of risk metrics, the authors evaluate the benefits of diversification among both monthly and annually reconstituted portfolios, where funds are sorted into portfolios based on their quintile rank of R2. They find that the benefits of diversification are most pronounced within a portfolio of low R2 funds and that the benefits are increasing in the length of the reconstitution period.