A Brief History of Social Security
Recipients of Social Security benefits today are not just retirees – they’re disabled workers, spouses and young children of deceased or disabled workers, and the spouses and survivors of retirees. This was not always the case. The original Social Security Act of 1935 created retirement benefits for only the retired worker, who became eligible at age 65.
Pfau, Wade, "A Brief History of Social Security" (2015). Faculty Publications. 268.